Saturday, December 28, 2019
Many voyages that heroinÃ¢â¬â¢s encounter are regularly identified with the four mythical functions. In the film, Whale Rider, through mythical creation powers, the hero endeavors to save her dying culture. The creation myths power permits the courageous woman, Pai, to find her actual calling as a real leader of the Maori tribe. By utilizing the myths, she dynamically finds her legend s adventure by breaking down the images throughout her life. According to Campbell as discussed in Indick article, this model Ã¢â¬Å"The MonomythÃ¢â¬ has different functions as he clarifies the sociological, mysterious, cosmological, and mental elements of myth (pg, 2). Campbell depicts the vital capacities including myths as legendary or traditional story, typicallyÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦For the kid who might be the chief (Whale). Paikea turns out to be strongly fascinated on this legend because of the way that she is the latest of the bloodline descendant, which implies she is prepared to make every one of the basic decisions of being a chief other than the reality of being female. The youthful heroic girl refers to the legend when contrasting with herself as an approach to empower her rising as the current bloodline descendant. She keeps on participating in the myth all through the movie with a specific end goal to express her enthusiasm for her way of life (William, 3). Similarly, William in page three explains that Campbell clarifies cosmological capacities as stories enable the person to decide his/her place in the universe. The stellar capacity applies for the Whale Rider because of the principle character growing up being recounted of their legend of how the Maori tribe traveled to the territory they are acclimated to now. Pai characterizes herself alongside her family history; she expresses Ã¢â¬Å"a long time ago, my ancestor Paikea came to this place on the back of a whale. Since then, in every generation of my family, the firstborn son has carried his name and become the leader of our tribe... until now,Ã¢â¬ (Whale). She continually alludes back to the legend of her predecessor, Paikea, as a path for her to get the idea she is fit to do likewise. Like her predecessor, Paikea could spare the way of life which is the thing that Pai isShow MoreRelatedBorrowings from Russian in English7420 Words Ã |Ã 30 PagesAnglo-Saxon cnotta, English kno t) A whip formerly used as an instrument of punishment in Russia; the punishment inflicted by the knout. Kopeck (Russian: Ã ºÃ ¾Ã ¿Ã µÃ Ã ¹Ã ºÃ °, [kÃ ÃËpÃ ²ejkÃâ¢]; derives from the Russian (Ã ºÃ ¾Ã ¿Ã'Å'Ã'â [kÃ ÃËpÃ ²jo] spear) a reference to the image of a rider with a spear on the coins minted by Moscow after the capture of Novgorod in 1478) A Russian currency, a subunit of Ruble, 100 kopecks is equal to 1 ruble. Kremlin (Russian: ÃÅ¡Ã'â¬Ã µÃ ¼Ã »Ã'Å' [krÃ ²ÃâºmlÃ ²]) (Russian for fortress, citadel or castle) A citadel
Friday, December 20, 2019
ACT 1 PLAN PETRUCHIO Ã¢â¬Å"Sir, sir, the firstÃ¢â¬â¢s for me; let her go byÃ¢â¬ GREMIO Ã¢â¬Å"Yea, leave that labour to the great Hercules, And let it be more than AlcidesÃ¢â¬â¢ twelve.Ã¢â¬ (i.ii.262-264) PETRUCHIO Ã¢â¬Å"Have I not in my time heard lions roar? Have I not heard the sea, puffed up with winds, Rage like an angry boar chafed with sweat? Have I not heard great ordnance in the field, And heavenÃ¢â¬â¢s artillery thunder in the skies?Ã¢â¬ (i.ii.203-207) Allusion to Hercules, and his twelve labors Petruchio lists a series of metaphors and hyperboles that compare to Hercules twelve labors Gremio confirms the allusion by saying only Hercules could tame Katherina Petruchio lists 11 tasks in total, however Hercules had 12 Katherina could be the last and hardest challengeÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦VERBAL IRONY: Ã¢â¬Å"I will compound this strifeÃ¢â¬ Although Baptista is meaning to say he will solve the problem, the word compound also has the definition of making a problem worse. Could indicate Baptista will only end up creating more problems with his decision making skills Recurring theme of money vs. love: Baptista wants Lucentio for Bianca because of his wealth, however it works out the Bianca is attracted to LucentioÃ¢â¬â¢s romantic nature, without knowing his wealth. ACT 3 PLAN PETRUCHIO Ã¢â¬Å"Good sooth, even thus. Therefore, haÃ¢â¬â¢ done with words. To me sheÃ¢â¬â¢s married, not unto my clothes. Could I repair what she will wear in me, As I can change these poor accoutrements, Ã¢â¬ËTwere well for Kate and better for myself. But what a fool am I to chat with youÃ¢â¬ (III.ii.117-123) Katherine is married to him, not his clothes Proves he
Thursday, December 12, 2019
Richard Preston Essay In October of l989, Macaque monkeys, housed at the Reston Primate Quarantine Unit in Reston, Virginia, began dying from a mysterious disease at an alarming rate. The monkeys, imported from the Philippines, were to be sold as laboratory animals. Twenty-nine of a shipment of one hundred died within a month. Dan Dalgard, the veterinarian who cared for the monkeys, feared they were dying from Simian Hemorrhagic Fever, a disease lethal to monkeys but harmless to humans. Dr. Dalgard decided to enlist the aid of the United States Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases (USAMRIID) to help diagnose the case. On November 28th, Dr. Peter Jahlring of the Institute was in his lab testing a virus culture from the monkeys. Much to his horror, the blood tested positive for the deadly Ebola Zaire virus. Ebola Zaire is the most lethal of all strains of Ebola. It is so lethal that nine out of ten of its victims die. Later, thegeniuses at USAMRIID found out that it wasnt Zaire, but a new strain of Ebola, which they named Ebola Reston. This was added to the list of strains: Ebola Zaire, Ebola Sudan, and now, Reston. These are all level-four hot viruses. That means there are no vaccines and thereare no cures for these killers. In 1976 Ebola climbed out of its primordial hiding place in the jungles of Africa, and in two outbreaks in Zaire and Sudan wiped out six hundred people. But the virus had never been seen outside of Africa and the consequences of having the virus in a busy suburb of Washington DC is too terrifying to contemplate. Theoretically, an airborne strain of Ebola could emerge and circle the world in about six weeks. Ebola virus victims usually crash and bleed, a military term which literally means the virus attacks every organ of the body and transforms every part of the body into a digested slime of virus particles. A big point that Preston wanted to get across was the fact that the public thinks that the HIV virus is quite possibly the most horrible virus on Earth, when no one takes into mind the effects and death of the victims of Ebola. Preston shows how Ebola and Marburg (a close relative of Ebola) is one hundred times more contagious, one hundred times as lethal, and one hundred times a s fast as HIV. Ebola does in ten days what it takes HIV ten years to accomplish, wrote Richard Preston. The virus, though, has a hard time spreading, because the victims usually die before contact with a widespread amount of civilians. If there were to be another outbreak in North America, the results would be unspeakable. Upon reading The Hot Zone, one could easily believe that thiscompelling yet terrifying story sprang from the imaginations of Stephen King or Michael Crichton. But the frightening truth is that the events actually occurred and that could-be-catastrophe was avoided by the combined heroic efforts of various men and women from USAMRIID and the Center for Disease Control. Preston writes compassionately and admiringly of the doctors, virologists and epidemiologists who are the real-life Indiana Jones of the virus trail. Some like Dr. Joe McCormick, Karl Johnson, and CJ Peters spent years tracking down deadly viruses in the jungles of South America and Africa, some narrowly escaping death. Their work is filled with courage, brilliance and sometimes petty rivalries. Others, like Dr. Nancy Jaax have lived rather conventional lives, aside from the fact that they don a space suit and work with highly lethal viruses on a regular basis. Preston has written a fast-paced and fascinating novel of me dical panic. His gripping narrative is filled with horrifying and gore-filled descriptions and tension-building plot turns. From depictions of events at a Belgian Hospital in Africa to the nerve-racking laboratory scenes in Virginia, he is adept at keeping the reader riveted. At the conclusion the reader is left with the chilling and fact based haunting after thought what if?
Wednesday, December 4, 2019
Question: Discuss About The Referred To As Marketing That Is Required? Answer: Introducation Social media is the biggest tool of marketing these days, it has been analysed that sing these tool has provided many benefits to the companies as well as to the customers. Social media marketing or social marketing referred to as the marketing that is required to be done in order to make social relation with the customers with the use social networking sites. When any of the customers or the person makes his accounting on Facebook, he makes it to have interaction with the friends and to make new friends. The people want to be social and want to connect with each other. But, the companies have used this process to market their products as well as to make relations with the customers by contacting them with these social media sites. It has been analysed that Facebook, twitter and instagram are some of the most useful sites that have changed the nature of marketing and made it social marketing thee days. Social mobile and local marketing With the development in the mobile technology, it has been analysed that development in the marketing by the companies can also be seen. The companies these days are using these mobile devices and mobile applications to market their products as well as to save the market. The companies make their own mobile applications and allow the customers have access to these applications; these applications are then used to buy the products that are available online. Most of the companies also use these mobile applications for the marketing their products only. They display their products and services on their applications but they can avail by contacting the company. This suggests that there are changes that can be observed with the mobile technology impact on the marketing process. Mobile marketing can be defined as the marketing process that results in interactive marketing between the customers and the company is using the mobile devices. Local marketing is the concept that is related to the nature of the local market of the place where the company is operating. Most of the companies that operate in multiple countries have to adopt the strategies of localization so that they can relate with the local customers and market their products in the local market. Online marketing also gets affected by these localization strategies. The company make their websites but they have to provide the option of choosing the language so that the customers who do not know about the parent county language can also access the website by changing the language into their own local language. There are various elements that are required to be put in the websites of the companies to attain local people attractions. References: Truong, V.D., 2014. Social marketing: A systematic review of research 19982012.Social Marketing Quarterly,20(1), pp.15-34. Strm, R., Vendel, M. and Bredican, J., 2014. Mobile marketing: A literature review on its value for consumers and retailers.Journal of Retailing and Consumer Services,21(6), pp.1001-1012. Forman, C., Ghose, A. and Goldfarb, A., 2009. Competition between local and electronic markets: How the benefit of buying online depends on where you live. Management Science,55(1), pp.47-57.
Thursday, November 28, 2019
Sunday, November 24, 2019
Unit 5 ICT - Backup Policies essays Think about Who, When, Where, What, How. You should know about full backup, incremental backup, generations of backup, online backup, periodic backup. An evaluation report can be written to decide on what software to buy. Factors to be considered include: Ease-of-use (including the HCI) Availability of technical support Compatibility with existing software and hardware Results of benchmark tests into performance Each factor is given a weighting according to the needs of the organisation. At the start of the systems life cycle, decisions have to be made about how to acquire the software that is needed. The options are: Software can be written by the end user A specialist department could design, write, test and evaluate the software External consultants could be called in to write and test the software An off-the-shelf package could be bought Software could be leased, with an annual fee payable for use. You need to understand the option of software emulation and the problems associated with it. Software can be written by the end-user (maybe using an application generator). What are the dangers here? You need to understand the difference between Alpha Testing and Beta testing. You need to understand the advantages of RDBMS software and the principle of normalisation. Evaluate the design of the database and arrange for necessary changes to be made Maintain the data dictionary (see below) This is a database about the database. It includes information about: Data lengths and field types Data validation restrictions This is an interface between the operating system and the user, which aims to make access to data as simple as possible. Its other functions are: It allows users to store, retrieve and update data It maintains the data directory ...
Thursday, November 21, 2019
Business Ethics - Essay Example In Ã¢â¬ËThe Place of Nonhumans in Environmental IssuesÃ¢â¬â¢ Peter Singer makes such a moral interpretation, in arguing for the importance of considering nonhumans in ethical decision making. In examining Peter SingerÃ¢â¬â¢s argument in Ã¢â¬ËThe Place of Nonhumans in Environmental Issues,Ã¢â¬â¢ this essay considers both SingerÃ¢â¬â¢s greatest intellectual strengths and greatest intellectual weaknesses. If one makes a brief perusal of some of Peter SingerÃ¢â¬â¢s writings on ethical constructs, such as Ã¢â¬ËForeign Aid and the Moral Value of FreedomÃ¢â¬â¢, one notices that one of SingerÃ¢â¬â¢s predominant strengths as a writer is his ability to distill complex ideas into easily understandable prose. Indeed, in Ã¢â¬ËThe Place of Nonhumans in Environmental IssuesÃ¢â¬â¢ this strength is also witnessed as Singer makes great effort to clearly define the topic of his discussion and the various points of his argument. For instance, he identifies the extent of the subject being examined Ã¢â¬â the nonhumans Ã¢â¬â by stating, Ã¢â¬Å"it is with nonhuman animals, rather than plants, that I am chiefly concernedÃ¢â¬ (Singer, pg. 558). He also further elaborates his argument in this regard by noting that while animals are often regard as a collective entity, in his argument they will be considered along individual criteria. Singer also clearly states the central issue of his i nvestigation and doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t engage in elaborate circumlocution in advancing the argumentÃ¢â¬â¢s central concerns; he states, Ã¢â¬Å"The general question, then, is how the effects of our actions on the environment of nonhuman beings should figure in our deliberations about what we ought to doÃ¢â¬ (Singer, pg. 558). Singer is also clear and direct in qualifying that the nonhuman animals he is considering must have interests that distinguish them from entities such as rocks or even plants and trees that while living entities, most people will agree lack any sort of conscious interest or developed sense of pain. One
Wednesday, November 20, 2019
Modern Organisational Theory and Applied Science - Assignment Example The abovementioned makes the question of methods effectiveness and appropriateness to each certain case extremely important. This project will examine the appropriateness and effectiveness of qualitative research methods in organizational studies as well as provide an overview of the specific characteristics and methods of qualitative research. Historically, quantitative approaches and methodologies have been the first and foremost choice in the area of professional organizations and management research. The quantitative bias can probably be explained by the origins of modern organizational science which relies heavily on the natural sciences such as mathematics, economics, and sociology. Quantifiability and precision have traditionally been among the most essential features of these sciences and quantitative paradigm was undoubtedly the best choice to maintain and reinforce them (Patton and Appelbaum, 2003: 60). The primary task of a qualitative study is to provide the researcher with data that relates to a specific context or setting, for example, explaining participants' perception of an organization, understand participants' understanding of various phenomena, reveal their experiences, motivations, etc. At the same time, extrapolation of the qualitative study results in other similar situations and contexts is also an important aspect of qualitative research (Hoepfl, 1997). There is a definition of qualitative research found in the literature. Strauss and Corbin (1990) define qualitative research as "any kind of research that produces findings not arrived at by means of statistical procedures or other means of quantification" (p. 17). Denzin and Lincoln (1998) describe qualitative research as "...multi-method in focus, involving an interpretative, naturalistic approach to its subject matter. This means that qualitative researchers study things in their natural settings, attempting to make sense of, or interpret, phenomena in terms of the meanings people bring to them' (Denzin and Lincoln 1998: 3). Cassel and Symon (1994) claim that the most characteristic feature of qualitative research is "...a focus on interpretation rather than quantification, an emphasis on subjectivity rather than objectivity" (p.7). These three definitions identify the basic distinctions between qualitative and quantitative research and highlight the key features of qualitative me thodology mentioned above. It shall be noted though that quantitative and qualitative research shall not be perceived as absolutely antagonistic to each other: "qualitative research usually does use some form of quantification, but statistical forms of analysis are not seen as central" (Mason 1996: 4).
Monday, November 18, 2019
Strategic human resource management - Essay Example Besides the cost and the effort involved in developing this system, Natural Knibbles will also need to train its HR managers to operate this system or else they have to be replaced. Thus with the development of both its niche market and new products, Natural Knibbles will have to recruit new people. This hiring will have to be done very carefully in line with the organizational culture but at the same time people with different knowledge and skills pertaining to the new markets and products will have to be hired. Till now Natural Knibbles primarily employed people in the production department but the expansion might make recruitment in senior management positions necessary of people who have expertise in developing and managing products for people with severe allergies. At the same time training has to be deployed to current staff specially regarding the care which has to be employed in carefully manufacturing products for hyper-allergic people. Diversification will also need to new investment issues and the generation of capital. Thus Natural Knibbles will have to figure out ways to generate new capital and cut down on its costs. 2) Describe the steps that Natural Knibbles would need to develop an effective HR plan The first step which Natural Knibbles needs to take to develop an effective HR plan is assessment. The owners of natural Knibbles need to take into account the needs of the company and its people. It should find out about the kind of expertise the company would need if it branches to introduce a new line of products. Then it can evaluate its present employees and figure out and chalk a program for training and development of existing employees. The company should also perform an internal and external analysis to find put about the opportunities and threats and the company's strengths and weaknesses. The company should also make budget allocations to both training and development and for new recruitments following which they can incorporate their pla ns. Workforce planning will also need to take into account the demographic patterns of the workforce and thus assessment of employee turnover and retiring employees will also be taken into account before making projections about growth. All this planning will be done within a limited time frame and a deadline will be set for the achievement of all objectives. The company will also conduct an evaluation of its performance and its employee performance which will generate the right feedback resulting in optimum performance. The generation of capital will include Natural Knibbles evaluating its fixed, variable and overhead costs to reduce cost and increase revenue. Side by side it will have to locate the source of funds. 3) How would the HR plan as described above help Natural Knibbles to implement its changes and achieve its new strategic objectives? Natural Knibbles will prepare an implementation plan to to achieve its strategic objectives. First of all the top management of natural K nibbles will ensure that this plan has the complete approval of all three decision makers and no one has any doubts about the plan. Secondly the plan will be communicated effectively to all employees since the company is highly employee-oriented. Implementing these and putting the plan into action will lead to employee satisfaction and development in the company. The employees
Friday, November 15, 2019
The International Schools in the uae The United Arab Emirates International School is a well established educational trust, which wants to open an international school in Oman, knowing that there is now an opening for international schools in the educational sector. This Research will include important analysis for the United Arab Emirates International School to use in order for them to learn about the international schools in Oman, like the environment surrounding them which is Political, Economical, Social and Technological factors and also known as the PEST Analysis. Other than that the people that can have an effect and impact on the business will be included as part of the analysis, like customers, suppliers, substitutes, new entrants and competitors and also known as the Porters Five Forces. So by conducting these analysis and learning them the company will then be able to find out their opportunities and threats which are part of the SWOT Analysis including the Strengths and Weaknesses. These analyses will be me asured for three different cities and three different regions which are Muscat City in Muscat Region, Sohar City in Batna Region and Buraimi City in Dhahra Region. Then finally we will be able to give the United Arab Emirates International School recommendations. Definition PEST analysis is a technique used to identify, assess and evaluate external factors affecting the performance of an organization. A PEST analysis is undertaken to help an organization gain an understanding of the wider business environment and may be carried out as part of an ongoing process of environmental analysis or scanning. The aim is to provide information to assist those responsible for strategy development and decision making. PEST analysis may be used in the context of overall organizational strategy or more specifically to evaluate the feasibility of a new product or service, or expansion into a new market. (http://goliath.ecnext.com/coms2/gi_0199-5221632/Carrying-out-a-PEST-analysis.html) Advantages of PEST analysis. PEST analysis: * provides an understanding of the wider business environment * encourages the development of strategic thinking * may raise awareness of threats to an organizations ongoing profitability * can help an organization to anticipate future difficulties and take action to avoid or minimize their effect * can help an organization to spot business opportunities and exploit them successfully. It helps the firm in many ways, its important that environmental analysis is carried out before entering into the industry. PEST analysis is a helpful method of summarizing the external environment in which a business operates. Nevertheless, it should follow up by considering how a business should act in response to these influences. (http://goliath.ecnext.com/coms2/gi_0199-5221632/Carrying-out-a-PEST-analysis.html) Political and legal factors: Political factors are rules and regulations that are made by the government that has a direct impact on the business. These rules affect the daily running of the business when it comes to policies and regulations. We believe that the school should take into consideration the following political factors: Employment Laws: Every country has its rules and regulations for a new foreign organization entering the country to establish its business, when talking about rules and regulations for example Omanization the countrys rule is that these foreign companies must recruit Omani citizens as employees to help reduce the unemployment in the country and to gain experience from the foreign employees as well, in addition to that local partnership is one of the rules that a foreign owner must take in consideration which is also called (Foreign Trade Regulations). Speaking of international schools in Oman SABIS of Muscat is one of the schools that are owned by both a foreign and local partners. Government Stability: Because there is no war in Oman the government is stabled, secure and safe and not much of a change with the government. There are many foreign and local companies opening up in Oman, there are many international schools existing in Oman for example the AMERICAN BRITISH ACADEMY (ABA) if the government was not stabled then these types of schools wont exist because of the constant changes with the government therefore there will be less or no foreigners living in Oman. It is absolutely safe for any foreign organization to establish its business in Oman. Economical Factors: All businesses are affected by economical factors nationally and globally. Whether an economy is in a boom, recession or recovery will also affect consumer confidence and behavior. Equally economic factors affect the purchasing power of potential customer, and the state of the internal/external economy in the short and long-term. The unit may need to consider: Unemployment: Oman has been encouraging Omanisation to reduce the level of unemployment in the country. By the entrance of the International school from the UAE into Oman, it will play a role in reducing the unemployment and providing more jobs for local Omanies. Disposable income: Oman is facing a boom in the economy due to the surplus they are getting from oil sales. Accordingly consumer spending is high. With higher consumer spending, an increase of demand will show up. This demand will have to be satisfied. For that reason, the International school will have the chance to satisfy this increasing of demand. Socio-cultural Factors: social factors will include the demographic changes, trends in the way people live and think. Moreover, it also includes the cultural aspects of the macro environment. These factors influence customer needs and the size of potential markets (inside and outside of the International school). Lifestyle changes: by time the life style in Oman changed and is continuing to change. People have different views over many things such as: Education. Many years ago there were no private schools in the country and girls were made to stay at home and look after their parents. As time passes by, things changed. Omani citizens thinking have changed. They started sending all their kids to school, in order to gain education. In addition, when private schools opened up in Oman, families didnt mind sending their despite the mixture of both male and female. Moreover, Omani families started going out and eating out more often. Population: its the number of people in the country, when it comes to that the population in Oman is on the rise. Companies and organizations take population in consideration, because it means that people increase and the needs increase too. For example, for schools increase in the population of a country or a city means increase in number of students every year. The Chart below is an example of the rise in population in Oman. Educational levels: the level of education throughout the years has increased tremendously, and the demand of International schools in some parts of Oman is high, due to the increase of foreigners in the country for work purposes. Technological factors: technological factors are vital for competitive advantage, and are the major driver of change and efficiency. Technological factors can for example lower barriers to entry and reduce minimum efficient production level. New technology has an impact on changing the way business operates. The Internet has the most effect on the strategy of organizations. New discoveries and development: the advancement in technology has been beneficial to the International school in the industry. Due to technology the administrative staff can now access to the Internet 24 hours a day comfortably from their homes. Another advantage that technology has given the International school industry is the ability to reduce their costs as new machinery is now available for them to reduce their paper work and also reduce the time wasted. In fact the Internet allows the managers of the International school to use video conferencing to keep up to date with their other branches without to physically go there. This technological revolution means a faster exchange of operating environment. (http://www.btinternet.com/~katrina.severn/avce/PESTAnalysis.pdf) After looking at all four PEST analyses we believe that Sohar is the best place to open an international school due to the increasing of population by both local and foreigners. Also adding to that Oman tend to have a political stability due to the ruling of the Sultan rather the change of government, economical Oman is stable at the moment sine they are at the boom due to the surplus of the oil sales but this does not mean it will remain stable forever things might change if there was a decrease in oil prices. The socio- cultural in Oman is defiantly on the change to the better people are moving forward and want the best for themselves and families. We have identified earlier PEST analysis which includes the external environment and it was concluded that the environment was in a favorable condition for the UAE International School to enter the Omani market. However, we must consider the internal environment. These factors are within the control of the organizational members, to do so a Porters Five Forces analysis must be carried out. Porters Five Forces Analysis: Porters five forces model is a framework that describes how an industry grows, behaves and responds to five primary external and internal forces. The Porter 5 forces model is a framework for understanding the underlying structure of an industry or business segment, built around the five primary and dominating competitive forces that affect the short, intermediate and long-term effects of an industrys size, strength, vitality, and profitability. The value of the 5 Forces model and subsequent analyses is to help understand and predict the behavior of the industry, and most importantly, the actions of rival companies. (http://drivedemand.com/logo.html) There are five vital forces which have been introduced by Michael Porter for the analysis, these are: The threat of New Entry: The possibility of new firms entering the industry impacts competition. The threat of Substitution: as those products that are available in other industries that meet an identical or similar need for the end user. Supplier Power: An industry that produces goods requires raw materials. The power of the suppliers to drive up the prices of your input. Buyer Power: The power of buyers describes the impact customers have on an industry. Competitive Rivalry: the strength of competition in the industry. Threat of New Entry: Competition in an industry will be higher if entry into the industry is easy; therefore barriers to entry are there to protect the high levels of profits. Barriers reduce the rate of entry of new firms in order to allow the existing firms to enjoy levels of the profits. Product Differentiation: since there are very little or no product differentiation in the International Schools industry, new entrants may feel that competition will be strong and profits will be hard to earn. Capital Costs: Any normal person will find it hard to come up with the costs required to open an International School, as it is hard to find and buy a land large enough to accommodate such requirement. They would also have to pay suppliers for the initial stock, employees, etc. Capital costs are unbelievable high for this type of industry since initially large amount would be needed to buy land, resources, advertisement, etc. Economic of Scale: this refers to the decline in unit costs of a product or a service that occurs as the absolute volume of production per period of time increases. Economics of scale gives the International School competitive advantage as they can price their fees at a lower price than the others, and a new entrant will find it hard to compete with the low prices. This is because there is no product differentiation so competitors must compete in terms of price. Threat of substitutes: Substitutes are goods or services that satisfy the same customer needs. A threat from substitutes exists if alternative products with lower prices and better value satisfy the same need. In the International School Industry the substitutes will be the competitors. The threats of substitutes are determined by factors such as: Customer Relationship: it is important to build a good relationship with the customers to prevent them from moving on to the substitutes, if a customer were to feel that he/she has a better relationship with a certain school than the others then that customer is more likely to go the particular school than the others. Supplier Power: It is important for The UAE International School to obtain the resources that is needed for them to successfully operate the school, therefore it is crucial for them to have a good relationship with their suppliers. Moreover, for the UAE International School to succeed, they must try to reduce the power of their supplier, because the higher the bargaining power the supplier, the higher will be the price of resources. Buyer Power: Buyer Power is the power of customers to drive down your prices. If we look in the terms of the UAE International School, the buyers would be the customers that come to them and they have great power over the UAE International School, then the school will be forced to lower their selling price. Two factors of buyer power are included as examples, which are: Brand identity: Is how the company wants the consumer to perceive the image of their product. The buyer has a power when it comes to brand identity its because they choose the brand that satisfies them the most. So if the brand in your company does not satisfy consumers then youll either have to lower your prices or lose the consumer. For example, if the UAE International School does not offer branded items to their customers, while Muscat International School offers branded items, then most of the buyers will choose the branded school. Threat of Backward Integration: This is when the buyer changes from buying your product to buying your competitors product even though they are similar. The reasons of this maybe the price or the quality of the product and so on. So in this case the buyer has power over the supplier. For example, if the buyer compares between two international school like Muscat International and Sabis, they may find that the price differs in both schools, where Muscat International School might be cheaper, so the buyers would definitely go for Muscat International School. So the UAE International School will have to consider the competitors price and try to offer lower or the same price or better quality, and they would also have to consider the needs of the buyers and try to reach their satisfaction. Competitive Rivalry: The intensity of the competition between exciting firms in the industry can be analyzed. It is important for the school to know the number of its competitors such as: Azzan Bin Qais Private School, Muscat International School, Sultan Private School, Sabis International School and Sohar International School. Since the products are likely to be the same (homogenous), the UAE International School will have to find a way to offer something different to its competitors. High competition results in prices and margins thus, the profitability of the industry. Product Differentiation: this is when the customers are made to feel that a brand is different from another even though the product is the same and since all products are provided at the International Schools, competition will be high, because all will be competing with the same products for the same crowd of customers. Customer Relationship: it is important to build a good relationship with the customers to prevent them from moving on to the substitutes, if a customer were to feel that he/she has a better relationship with a certain school than the others then that customer is more likely to go the particular school than the others. Looking at this, we can see that three out of the five forces are favorable towards the UAE International School. In brief the internal environment is in good condition for the school to enter. From the analysis it can clearly be see the fast that there is no product differentiation is a major issue to the industry.
Wednesday, November 13, 2019
Ã My mother took me to school on my first day. Mother had been telling me for weeks prior to the big day how wonderful school was going to be, so I was dutifully excited. She failed to mention that she was going to leave me with seventeen little strangers and one large lady. The large lady seemed to think that she was in control. I later learned that she was the teacher. She was trying to explain to Mother that I was not eligible to attend first grade because I would not be six until November of the following year. My mother was having none of that. She wanted me out of the house and into school and she did not care what the rules were. We had just moved from New Orleans to the woods of St. Helena Parish, where school had started two weeks before we arrived. Although it was 1945 in the rest of the world, it was still 1920 in St. Helena. Our home in New Orleans had had indoor plumbing, a gas stove, and electric heaters. In the country, however, we had an outhouse. Every drop of water we used was pumped and carried inside. We chopped wood for our stove and heaters. The back breaking, never ending labor did not bother me as much as having to live in such a degrading manner. I hated the woods. I missed the comforts of the city and I hated the primitive conditions of our new country life. I missed my good-natured little playmates who had treated me so kindly for the first five years of my life. I missed the gentle accents spoken in soft voices by my friends and neighbors, and the endless hours of playtime that we enjoyed. But now I was going to have to go to school! For a while, I thought the rule that a child had to be six before entering the first grade would rescue me. School rules back then, li... ... At lunchtime, I offered to share my cookies with a very angry girl. She had been staring at them ever since I had taken them out of their wax paper wrapping. They were only vanilla wafers, and certainly were not my favorite. She told me that she had never tasted store bought cookies, and pronounced them fit for a king. She became my lifetime friend and protector. She remained an angry person, but seldom got angry with me. The big boy dumped me in the fifth grade for a girl who had matured very early. The first day of school, I learned these valuable lessons. Accents only sound strange to people who have different accents. Never bother arguing with my mother. Crying does not help, but sometime you just have to do it anyway. A little sweetness can make an angry person nicer. Flattery goes a long way with a guy; sometimes it can even go as far as the fifth grade.
Sunday, November 10, 2019
The dictionary definition of family is: all the descendants of a common ancestor. Although this statement is true, some would disagree and say that the meaning to the word Ã¢â¬Å"familyÃ¢â¬ goes far beyond that simple definition. Many people consider friends, schoolmates, animals, friends of a parent, and co-workers to be their family as well. Your whole family can be made up of many people that are not necessarily your real family. The relationship you share with another individual classifies them as a family member. These people may not be your relative at all, but someone you feel a strong connection to for one reason or another. Just because someone is your family member by blood, does not mean you have to have a close relationship with him or her. Your family can be extended from your nuclear family because another person may be very special to you, or makes you feel loved enough that you would consider them a part of your family. Children that lose their mother and father might have someone take care of them that are not blood related. In a situation like this, the childÃ¢â¬â¢s real family is not apart of the family that raises them and takes care of them. Family is more of a concept and more about the relationship that the two people share. In a case where parents have died or some other circumstance has arisen where they cannot provide for their child, strangers or friends may assist in raising that child. That would make them the caregivers; they would be the mother and father because they fill that role in the childÃ¢â¬â¢s life. Many people may say they have two mothers, this is because they have two people that fill the motherly role in their life and both of those people make them feel loved and appreciated. Another example where your family might not be your real relatives is godmothers or your godfathers. Your godmother or godfather can be anyone that your parents think can and will fill that role best. This may be your blood related uncle or the best man in your parents wedding. Regardless of the blood relation this person is in now classified as your family member. Family can also expand to include more than just humans as well. Most Americans have a pet dog or a pet cat that is considered a part of their family. It is very common in a household environment that animals are added to the mix. Whether it is a family of four wanting to add extra love in their lives, or a lonely college student looking for a companion. Many people add a pet into their homes to love and feel love in return. One might think this classifies that animal as a family member. Animals and humans can share a very special relationship, just like family members share. This special relationship is what makes someone or something a part of your family not just blood. Some people may have very special experiences with another individual. Growing up with a particular friend and experiencing many of lifeÃ¢â¬â¢s challenges and tribulations can make a relationship grow very strong. People that have been there for another person through tragedies, deaths, illness, hardships and times of celebration share special bonds. These people may refer to each other as brothers or sisters or second daughters or sons. It is the many experiences and the compassion and empathy that people share with one another that make them feel that closeness with one another. They will often refer to these special people as Ã¢â¬Å"family membersÃ¢â¬ , although they have no blood relation. Many people that are not your real relatives can be more like your family than your real family. There are many reasons that families break up, or do not speak any longer. Death, distance, past arguments and sickness can all be some reasons why you are not close to your blood family. Most people know of someone who may no longer speak to their mother, father, sister, or brother; this kind of thing happens all the time. This is very common after a parentÃ¢â¬â¢s death, and the children have to disperse the parentÃ¢â¬â¢s valuables. You canÃ¢â¬â¢t pick your family, but you can pick your friends. Sometimes those friends treat you better than your own family. TheyÃ¢â¬â¢re a surplus of people that might fill a particular role better than others, and the relationship you share with them is what defines them as your family member.
Friday, November 8, 2019
The More You Tell, The More You Sell The More You Tell, The More You Sell The More You Tell, The More You Sell By Michael Most writers dont need encouragement to write more words. After all, thats how some of them get paid: by the word! Using the words you need and no more writing concisely is a skill that every writer spends a lifetime learning. Mark Twain once said, Ã¢â¬Å"I didnt have time to write a short letter, so I wrote a long one instead.Ã¢â¬ But the main problem of many writers, especially reluctant writers and business owners, is not that they say more than they need, but rather, that they say less than they need. Writers can be too lazy to edit and trim their work, but they can also be too lazy to think enough about their subject to cover it adequately. The direct mail copywriters of old had a saying, The more you tell, the more you sell. It was a bold statement. Other copywriters argued that people dont want to read long copy, would stop reading before they got to the end of the sales letter, the advertiser would lose sales. Thats a valid objection, to which the proper response is, Then ask for the sale before they get to the end! Theres nothing wrong with giving the customer more than one chance to buy. Besides, none of us reads more than we want to, except for students and acquisitions editors. We all read until we lose interest, or we skip ahead, go back, or jump to the end. We keep reading as long as we feel theres something in it for us. And thats where, as a copywriter, you win more when you tell more. The more reasons you give the customers to buy, the more likely they will buy. Once theyre convinced, they will stop reading anyway and start ordering. Or they might go back later and read the rest to reassure themselves they made the right choice. Reassurance is an important purpose of marketing communications too. Start your writing process by listing all the reasons someone should buy your product or service. Get a friend or a customer to tell you if you dont know. Dont be lazy. If a reason is compelling, dont leave it out if you have space. On your website, you have unlimited space to tell your story. List your most attractive benefits and let your readers decide which ones are most attractive to them. True, you dont want your marketing piece to appear too long to read. You have to format your writing so people can read only what they want. In sales literature, you might use bold text and headings so your readers know where to skip to. When writing for the Web, its especially easy add links to other pages. Your benefits dont all need to be on the same page, as long as customers can find them when they need them. Your potential customers will follow the links that interest them, and will ignore the ones that dont. Certainly, start off short and sweet for those who dont want to read much. But dont stop until youve told the whole story to those who insist on hearing it all. Comparison shoppers, such as myself, actually look for longer text. We tend to believe that the product that mentions the most benefits probably has the most benefits. If the copywriter neglected to mention that it has a five-year warranty, how are we supposed to know that it does? Customers buy for many reasons. Some are convinced by one point, others are convinced by another. But if you leave out their favorite point, thats one point that wont help make the sale. Want to improve your English in five minutes a day? Get a subscription and start receiving our writing tips and exercises daily! Keep learning! Browse the Business Writing category, check our popular posts, or choose a related post below:Useful Stock Phrases for Your Business EmailsWhat is the Difference Between Metaphor and Simile?How Long Should a Synopsis Be?
Wednesday, November 6, 2019
Communism and Russia essays Life in Russia has always been different from what most of us know in the U.S. Life under monarchy in Russia had its ups and downs. It was ruled by a tsar, up until the Russian Revolution, when the government turned from monarchism to communism. With this new was of life the very existence of the Russian people changed. Soon after the fall of communism, life in Russia has been different. The effect of communism on the Russian people after the Russian Revolution has greatly impacted their lives. With the control of Tsar Nicholas II the Russian people faced food shortages and political scandals. During the time leading up to the revolution, a man by the name of Rasputin convinced Tsar Nicholas II to replace parliament officials. These changes where just a few of the reasons many Russians hated the tsar as well as Rasputin. On March 8, 1917 a severe food shortage caused rioting in Russia. The crowds demanded food and the removal of Tsar Romanov. When the police were called in to break up the crowds, they refused to fire their weapons and joined in the rioting. The aggravated tsar responded by abdicating, ending the 300-year-old Romanov dynasty. Soon after, the Russian royal family was taken hostage. They were kept in a special jail house up until there execution, which was believed to be ordered by Vladimir Ilynch Lenin. With the government in shambles a provisional government was set up but Lenin and the Bolshevik Party soon overthrew it. Vladimir Ilynch Lenin, the new leader, changed the government to communism. Communism had now taken its roll on one of the largest countries in the world, at that time. He only controlled a small area of land that ran from Petrograd to Moscow. Most people, the Whites, hated this new leader and his followers, known as the Reds. The upriseal of the hatred between both groups caused a civil war to break out. Communism, under Lenin, brought a new way of life to the people. Some of it ...
Monday, November 4, 2019
IMC - Essay Example Investment in large inventories believed to have an adverse effect on a firmÃ¢â¬â¢s cash flow as well as working capital. It basically represents a considerable portion of entire capital investment in any entity. It is in as a result essential to create a balance between the advantages of having a resources inventory of resources and the costs associated with maintenance in order to establish the optimum inventory level associated with each and every resources and keep the inventory costs minimal. Holding of stock can be quite expensive and hence controls are necessary to make sure that stock levels are kept at as low as possible. Stocks need to be controlled based on rational policies to create a balance between the cost of holding and the demand for the same. One of the approaches often adopted is the economic order quantity for stock replenishment which results into lowered holding cost reduces as well as a low total yearly inventory cost. Although maintaining exact EOQ is somet ime impossible, working within vicinity of it outcomes in lower total yearly inventory cost is possible and commendable. Holding cost is considered a straight line that directly varies with ordering quantity. This is according to the classic EOQ model and is substantially true for non-perishable products. This research will check through linear regression the relation of holding cost with time and quantity that it is a curve. Introduction In the period of recession of each and every firm is keen on to cutting their costs and inventory cost management plays a vital role in this endeavor. Managing inventory effectively is an important way of regulating costs and, as a result, improving the profitability of organization. Given that a higher quantity is not the best Ã¢â¬ ¦ and a lower quantity is not similarly the best Ã¢â¬ ¦ there has to be some Ã¢â¬Å"Economic order quantity (EOQ)Ã¢â¬ which ensures minimal total variable costs associated with the inventory (Cardenas 950). Total v ariable costs are often computed based on a yearly terms and incorporates two components, which are the costs of ordering and holding inventory. Yearly ordering cost is defined as the number of orders that one places multiplied by the marginal or incremental cost one incurs for every order. This incremental cost incorporates various components such as the costs of preparing purchase orders, making pay for vendor's invoice, as well costs associated with inspection and handling of the material upon arrival. It is not easy to estimate these components precisely but a ball?park figure is good a good option for doing this. The holding costs are used within the EOQ model needs to also be marginal in nature. Such may include although not limited to insurance, taxes, as well as storage charges (Liberatore 394). Some of the entities also include the interest cost associated with the money tied up within the inventory. In classical EOQ model, as the quantity rises holding cost as well rise pr oportionally i.e. it remains lineal to the time function although in real life, the cumulative holding cost is indeed a convex time function due to the fact that the handling and holding costs work side by side to rise alongside cumulative rise in daily cost due to wastage, pilferage as well as obsolescence (Liberatore 395). This is however not common with non-perishable goods such as
Friday, November 1, 2019
Australia and the World - Essay Example Although Australia may not need boots on the ground, the country can do little without support from US especially US intelligence, logistics, material and technical support (Lee, 2013). Although Australia has ships and planes, the country is unable to operate them without source codes and software updates; navigation and targeting information that only the United States can provide. As well, the country requires ammunition and maintenance sourced from the US, making hard for the country to achieve military self-reliance. Not only does the country require support in extreme events but also in almost every event since there a few military situations the country can operate independently. Although the bilateral relationship between Australia and USA is strong and benefits both nations, Australia remains the main beneficiary. For instance, the stability and security that US presence offers the Asia-Pacific region is an essential foundation for AustraliaÃ¢â¬â¢s security and progress. According to Leahy (2013), Australia remains close to America to a point that Australia cannot afford losing US support. Therefore, ensuring that US support is guaranteed remains an essen tial element in the countryÃ¢â¬â¢s decisions making. This is highlighted by the US quest for enhanced presence in Australian bases, which the Australian leadership considers to be reasonable and manageable. The country associates the bilateral relation with access, training and maintenance because the relationship has enabled the country to gain from Ã¢â¬Ëjoint basesÃ¢â¬â¢ like the increased presence of marines in Darwin (Leahy, 2013). According to Bell and Bell (2010), various studies attempt to offer details regarding AustraliaÃ¢â¬â¢s post-war reliance on the powerful and capitalist ally. AustraliaÃ¢â¬â¢s dependence on external relations especially with regard to diplomatic and military alignment toward
Wednesday, October 30, 2019
Where our food is grown - Essay Example There are many types of farm produce that are gotten from the markets or even the local grocery stores,these farm produce are either fresh fruits or vegetables.Vegetables and fresh fruits should always take up the largest part of healthy foods in a grocery list as they have vitamins,antioxidants, minerals and most of all they are generally low in calories. Some of these produce items include; Fresh vegetables & fruits Place of origin Potatoes Place of origin is south of Peru and the northeast of Bolivia. Peppers South central Bolivia. Peas Originates either from Northern India, Burma & N. Thailand. Lettuce Originates from lactuca serriolla found in the Mediterranean, Europe and Near East (Persia). Broccoli Northern European coast. Kales Greece Bananas Southeast Asia Grapes Germany Tomato Peru Apple Caucasus mountains of Asia Pears Europe Pineapple Paraguay Cabbages Serbia Table 1: Types of farm produces identified in the market In the United States, although many types of farm produc e are found, as they are great farmers and they produce a lot, there is still evidence of an unsatisfied demand. Even with the organic farming option, (the agricultural production system that is used mainly for the production or produce of fiber and food), the demand for fresh vegetables and fruits exceeds the supply, hence the dependence on imported food stuff (see table 1). All agricultural products (examples include: grains, fibers and flowers), are generally produced organically in the US but still more is imported from outside the US. Some of the farm produce that are found in the United States include: rice (produced for over 300 years and has three different types and they include: javanica, indica and japonica), oat (also known as Avena sativa), wheat (Triticum aestivum), oranges and tangerines. Others include: grapefruit, soybean, lemons, watermelons, bananas, limes, peanut, apples, sorghum, cotton, hay, strawberries, mangoes, peaches, plums, nectarines and corn (grain) (Ha ggett, 154). Produce that are traded by the united states to other countries The United States trade various produce with other countries; some of these products include: rice, wheat, grains, cotton, barley, tobacco, corn and soybean with the main export being cereal products. Importance of trade between states Interstate trade allows traders to interact more without barriers while ensuring that shortages in one state are met by the surplus in another state. It leads to controlled prices and because of the buffer it creates through the variety of products it avails in the markets to meet the demand in those markets. Other than meeting the demand, the trade will increase revenue collection in source countries which in itself motivates the suppliers to produce more for the export market. Since it is very hard for countries to depend on their own produce and services alone, interstate trade exploits the variety in human, natural, capital resources and extremely different techniques in other states thus making them equally capable of availing a variety of goods on demand by the local populace. Importance of global food trade Global food trade is important as countries do not generally have the major resources more so the capacity to generate the good amount of food that is needed by the citizens in a given country. Products cannot be produced everywhere as climate changes do differ between different countries and areas of states hence without the global food trade many countries will be deprived of various goods as they cannot produce them (without the global food trade people will just get the food indigenous that are available in their countries only). U.S. survival without global food trade The fact that the United States produces most food surplus does not mean that it can survive without the global food trade. The United States would not survive without the global food trade as it mostly depends on the money produced through the trade. It needs to trade with other count
Monday, October 28, 2019
Research Evaluation Tables Essay Through this study, Henri intended to determine whether dynamism in performance measurement systems was appropriate for any change an organization underwent, or if there were circumstances where revision to the performance measurement systems were not needed.Ã Henri also intended to determine if the link between dynamic performance measurement systems and the performance of an organization were contingent on a level of internal or external change. The third goal of this study was to add additional data on this subject to the scant body of research available on the dynamism of performance measurement systems. | Research Methods| Henri used quantitative/confirmatory analysis in this study. Henri used a mail survey to gather data. The survey used seven point Likery-type scales to assess changes to the performance measurement systems, to determine innovativeness and learning orientation of the organization and organizational performance. All of the tools used in the questionnaire were validated in advance. | Audience| Henri focused this study on two main audiences. The first was to provide information to manager, executives, and professionals charged with running organizations. Henri also intended to add additional research for managerial accounting literature. | Research Evaluation| The researchers in this study used Likert Scale questions to assess performance measurement at the organization. Likert Scales are frequently used when a researcher wants to measure attitudes about a certain topic (Plano Clark amp; Criswell, 2010). The researchers also demonstrated the validity of the study by having experts in the field test the instrument in three different groups and provide feedback (Plano Clark amp; Criswell, 2010). One problem with this study was the response rate was only 24 percent which increases the risks of bias in the study (Bowling, 2005). This study is written to cover the topic of how performance measurement should change, and when, which is a practical topics for managers to review. The overall conclusion of this study found organizations willing to periodically review performance measures have better overall organizational performance. This information would be beneficial to my agency because we use performance measures to make decisions in the organization. Evaluating performance measures to ensure they are still applicable to our work will allow us to adjust performance measures to increase overall organizational performance. McCoy and Kinyua completed a cross-sectional study reviewing General Find disbursements over a 12-month period. McCoy and Kinyua chose to look at funding instead of expenditures because they determined it was more accurate and completed. The researchers looked at the population of the countries, the income levels, government funding and also funding sources to identify countries in need of disbursements from the Global Fund more than others. The data was all collected from spreadsheets that were found on the Global Fund website. The date was prepared and present in text, tables and charts. | Audience| This study was intended for executives and decision makers linked to the Global Fund, government officials, donors and health care professionals in the countries receiving money from the Global Fund. | Research Evaluation| This study took the information from public documents located on the Global Fund website. The complete information could be analyzed and because it was factual information and not interview data there were fewer opportunities for bias in the data (Plano Clark amp; Criswell, 2010). The esearchers in this study followed the process of quantitative data analysis (Plano Clark amp; Criswell, 2010). A significant problem with this study and the recommendations are the external factors in each country which guide leaders in how they decide to spend funds obtained. Each country is different and many of the countries served have had documented corruption problems which could influence the reliability of the information. This information and process used is useful for the policy makers the study was intended for, but for practical management it is not specific in making recommendations for changes. This process could be used in more practical ways if the planning led to gathering data specific to the situation. The process of determining how to disburse funds depending on need could be useful in my organization. We have a fund to provide financial assistance to patients that are not able to pay for services. Looking at this study, it is important that we develop some methods to determine need based on other funding sources to more objectively determine funding.
Saturday, October 26, 2019
In modern times we are brought face-to-face with the tangible issue of engineered-creation and the hopes and fears it inspires. It is a common hope that science should be able to mimic the abilities and power of the God that created us. However, with respect to Mary Shelley's famous novel, "Frankenstein," one will find that the desire to play god is met with dire consequences. The theme of creation in "Frankenstein" touches on the notion of how modern science plays God. This is illustrated through the attempt of replicating a human by means of science, using the main character Victor as the god-figure. Unfortunately, Victor Frankenstein did not consider the effect his creation would have on the outside world and, more importantly, his internal self and his creation. From a Christian perspective there is only one creator that can successfully conceive life, and this is God. Obviously if God is not present in this creating process, and science has instigated the responsibility, the failure of the creation is inevitable. Science cannot create balanced emotions, socially imposed morals, or a soul. Thusly, such a creation would have no moral compass from which to gage the appropriateness of its reactions or behaviors. The person responsible for attempting a god-like role in the name of science should bear the responsibility of whatever may result from such a creation. In the book, the Monster is searching for a way to fit in and find acceptance, so, the Monster turns to reading the bible. It gives the Monster a small sense of solace and he interprets many of the passages to help him define who he is what his role in this world might be. The Monster of "Frankenstein" finally admits that he is but a creature of Victor and says, "I ought to be thy Adam but I am rather the fallen angel" (Shelley, 2000). There is a dual allusion present in this quotation. One is referring to in John Milton's classic Paradise Lost, a tale which is often mentioned in Shelley's "Frankenstein." The other is undoubtedly the Creation of Adam and Eve in the Bible itself, not just the allusion given in Paradise Lost. The aforementioned quotation illustrates the very idea that creation through science is a hollow, damning pursuit as the Monster seems himself for what he is perceived to be.
Thursday, October 24, 2019
In Favor of Emancipation for Children Imagine that you're a young teenager living with you mother. She left your father, an abusive and violent man, when you were 10. Your mother is killed in a car accident 5 years later. Because your mother did not prepare a will, the state requires you to live with your father. The only thing you could do to save your own life is to terminate your father's rights by becoming emancipated. Many people have heard or read about the situations of child celebrities such as Jenna Malone, Drew Barrymore, Christina Ricci, Michelle Williams and Macauley Culkin or child athletes like Dominique Moceanu, but few have heard of a more compelling situation as that of Aaron Kipnis. This young man was brutally beaten by his stepfather at the age of eleven. Instead of punishing his stepfather, the state of California made the eleven year old a ward of the state. Being a ward, in the states juvenile system, was a horrific experience. For the next five years, Kipnis began a cycle of running away, getting caught, and living in temporary housing. It was not until he was sixteen that a parole officer recommended he pursue legal emancipation. His freedom was finally granted at seventeen (Rupp 1). Emancipation is a court process that gives a teen legal independence from his or her parents of guardians and is granted adult civil rights except those prescribed by the law (Emancipation). Emancipated minors will not be automatically entitled to do certain things such as vote or legally drink alcoholic beverage. Though child abuse is one of the main reasons why children want to be emancipated, there are other reasons for children to want adult responsibilities. One of those reasons is children actors are required to work extremely long hours. Directors and producers are limited by child labor laws. The children actors want to work their high salaries jobs. In order to continue their work load and keep their high income, it is to their benefit to become emancipated. In other cases, there may not be abuse or high income that is a concern, it simply might be that the parent or guardian and the child can not handle being around each other. So instead of continuing constant battles, the child and parents agree that it would be the best for everyone to seek emancipation. Usually the toughest requirement to meet is financial independence.
Wednesday, October 23, 2019
Ã¢â¬ËMacbethÃ¢â¬â¢ was one of the first plays written during the reign of James I. Shakespeare intended to honour the King by glorifying Banquo, the legendary founder of the Stuart line. Hence the play also serves as a mirror for magistrates, a dramatization of the theme of kingship. James I strongly believed in the Divine Right of kings. He believed that the lord of the heavens had placed kings to rule over people in the world, thus Kings had a god-given right to rule and treachery was like turning away from God and not only the king. In actually fact, if you went against your own king, you were indeed challenging God. James I had ruled the Scottish Parliament more or less how he liked using the concept of Divine Right but when he came to rule over England, he found the English parliament far less easy to handle, insisting that the king could only rule by its consent. In Ã¢â¬ËMacbethÃ¢â¬â¢ the common theme is based on the natural order of things. MacbethÃ¢â¬â¢s lawless act destroys all law: it occasions confusion and disorder in the world of men and animals as well as in the heavens above. Everywhere there is upheaval: on the night when the murder is done, chimneys are blown down, lamentations and strange screams of death are heard in the air, and some say the earth was Ã¢â¬Å"feverous and did shakeÃ¢â¬ (2,3,53-59). All this confirms the interdependency of man and nature. The natural elements, following the death of Duncan, are in strange disorder and there is the further recounting of other amazing violations of nature, the unnatural behaviour of animals no longer acting according to their ways. Ã¢â¬ËA falcon towering in her pride of place was by a mousing owl hawked at and killedÃ¢â¬â¢ (2,4,13). As you can probably guess the owl is supposed to represent King Duncan, on top of the chain, and mousing owl is supposed to be Macbeth, the person who broke this chain and disordered everything, to the tiniest atom. Ã¢â¬ËMacbeth,Ã¢â¬â¢ at the time would have been exceptionally, politically advantageous to James because it would have greatly increased the publicÃ¢â¬â¢s view that James I was GodÃ¢â¬â¢s so-called Sergeant on earth, and so had the right to do or change whatever he pleased. The easiest way to attack a political rival was to accuse him of treachery and the easiest way to prove his treachery was to link him with one of the proscribed religious groups. In 1605 James dealt with some troublesome rivals by claiming to have detected a Catholic plot to blow up the parliament. In Scotland, even more than in England at the time, political troublemakers were accused of witchcraft and heresy. James himself was an authority on witchcraft and the London edition of his Demonology was published in 1603, the year of his accession to the throne of Great Britain. Certainly most people believed in the existence and power of witches, devils and ghosts and the religiously orthodox stressed that the devil could take many shapes. According to the teaching of the Church, Heaven and Hell were actual places and the central teaching of Christianity was the sinful (fallen) nature of man and the necessity of a sense of guilt to bring the sinner to accept the salvation from sinfulness offered by Christ. The reason of man was not foolproof and the Church urged the faithful to be on their guard against any suggestion of communication with the Devil. In Act I, Scene 3 of Ã¢â¬ËMacbethÃ¢â¬â¢ Baquo expresses similar fears concerning the witches: Were such things here as we do speak about? Or have we eaten on the insane root That takes the reason prisoner? (Lines 82-84) And And oftentimes, to win us to our harm, The instruments of darkness tell us truths; Win us with honest trifles, to betrayÃ¢â¬â¢s In deepest consequence (Lines 122-125 At the start of the play there surrounds two conflicting views of the hero, Macbeth. In scene 1, when the audience have already found out that the witches have met in order to meet Macbeth, a big question mark surrounds Macbeth. The audience is forced to ask themselves who is this Macbeth and what business does he have with these foul witches. In scene 2 the audience finds out the true identity of Macbeth. He is indeed a Hero! We learn that a battle between King DuncanÃ¢â¬â¢s army and the rebels is raging nearby. The scene starts of with King Duncan being given the latest news of the rebellion by the sergeant. The sergeant reports, with great enthusiasm, how the battle was at first, in balance. That is until, gallant and brave Macbeth, ignoring all the odds, slashing in and out with his bloody sword reached the traitor Macdowald and with no pity, ripped the traitor from head to toe. After hearing how the battle went, King Duncan has nothing but praise for the heroic deed of Macbeth and announces that Macbeth is to be given the title of Thane of Cawdor and the treacherous Cawdor is to be executed immediately. The battle is given a size and importance that magnify the qualities of Macbeth and our curiosity and anticipation are aroused to meet this might champion so praised by all who have seen him. But our memories still hold the mention of his name by the witches and the finale line of the scene (Ã¢â¬ËWhat he hath lost noble Macbeth hath wonÃ¢â¬â¢) reminds us of line 4 in scene 1 (Ã¢â¬ËWhen the battleÃ¢â¬â¢s lost and oneÃ¢â¬â¢) and this connexion is consolidated in Scene 3. MacbethÃ¢â¬â¢s first words echo the witches Ã¢â¬Ëso foul is fair a day I have not seen.Ã¢â¬â¢ This suggests Macbeth is already in tune with the way the witches think. Banquo believes that these witches are in league with the devil and thus should not be trusted, Ã¢â¬ËCan the devil speak truth?Ã¢â¬â¢ However Macbeth wants to hear more of this Ã¢â¬Ëstrange intelligenceÃ¢â¬â¢, Ã¢â¬Ëupon this blasted heath you stop our way with such prophetic greeting? Speak, I charge you.Ã¢â¬â¢ The witches predict two things:- that Macbeth will become the thane of Cawdor, and the king hereafter. They also predict two things for Banquo that he will be lesser than Macbeth, and his children will be the kings after Macbeth. The witches second prediction of Macbeth (Ã¢â¬ËAll hail Macbeth, that shalt be king hereafterÃ¢â¬â¢) is exactly what Macbeth wants to hear because it is his greatest ambition to be king, the ultimate prize is his for grabs. The soliloquy beginning Ã¢â¬ËTwo truths are toldÃ¢â¬â¢ which shows that the witches second prediction has come true about Mabeth earning the title of Thane of Cawdor. Macbeth then begins thinking about the witchesÃ¢â¬â¢ third prophecy Ã¢â¬Ëthe greatest is behindÃ¢â¬â¢ and what he needs to do now to become king. It is at this point that he starts to consider murder but he feels very uneasy about the word even though he is renown around Scotland as a ruthless soldier, Ã¢â¬Ëwhy do I yield to that suggestion whose horrid image doth unfix my hair and make my seated heart knock at my ribsÃ¢â¬â¢ (1,3,134-136). Macbeth is confused but still very ambitious. Macbeth shows signs of having a good heart and good intentions, but he also shows that he has a weak mind that ignores and disobeys what he knows is right. You can straight away see that Macbeth has got a powerful conscious when Lady Macbeth has a torrid time trying to convince him to kill King Duncan. At first he absolutely refuses to do such a horrible deed to such a noble person. He knows in his heart that to kill Duncan is wrong and deceitful. The reader can tell that Macbeth is trying is utmost best to resist the misgivings of his wife. Ã¢â¬ËWe will proceed no further. He hath honoured me of late, and I have bought Golden opinions from all sorts of people, Which would be worn now in their newest gloss, Not cast aside so soonÃ¢â¬â¢ (1,7,31-35). Although he knows that this deed will have profound consequences he allows Lady Macbeth to persuade him into doing what he knows is wrong. Macbeth knows he has chosen the wrong path when he says, Ã¢â¬ËIÃ¢â¬â¢ll go no more. I am afraid to think what I have done; Look onÃ¢â¬â¢t again, I dare notÃ¢â¬â¢ (2,3,46-48). Therefore Macbeth is disobeying what his own heart is telling him. In fact, Macbeth speaks of the distrust he has for his own heart when he says Ã¢â¬ËFalse face must hide what the false heart doth know.Ã¢â¬â¢ Lady Macbeth persuades her husband to do the murder by telling him that, all he is doing, is fulfilling his own lofty ambition and that surely he is not a coward. If he is a man, he should act like one. The fact that Macbeth is so easily persuaded to kill a man, proves that he must have considered murder before. It is also the sign of a person who has a weak mind and who does not stand up for himself. Lady Macbeth feeds on this weakness. Macbeth is tempted to do evil and Lady Macbeth is the key human agent Ã¢â¬â the one Macbeth trusts and loves- who ensures his temptation is through and complete. Lady Macbeth, when we first encounter her is, dominant, determined, powerful, and even perhaps frightening in the intensity of her uncompromising desire for her husband to ascend the throne. Be it, the price of murder. We understand that Macbeth has his own Ã¢â¬Ëdeep desires,Ã¢â¬â¢ but this seems tame compared with Lady MacbethÃ¢â¬â¢s unquenchable aspirations (she summons evil itself into her body and soul to unsex her and remove any doubts she might have). Further, we see in her actions, a cool, self-assured person, unlike her husband. When Macbeth falters, she is there and she also has the courage to return the daggers and to faint at the news of King DuncanÃ¢â¬â¢s murder, and so distract any attention from her husband. She plans the details of the murder; she has the future worked out. She is also pre-eminently cunning and shows no fear of the supernatural and death itself. That is why she can say, Ã¢â¬Ëa little water clears us of this deedÃ¢â¬â¢ (2,2,67), because there is nothing to fear from God and old-fashioned ideas of retribution. She can happily envisage hypocrisy and falsehood. Lady Macbeth and Macbeth fates are inextricably joined, but her role and character support MacbethÃ¢â¬â¢s destiny. However like Macbeth, Lady Macbeth shows moments of humanity Ã¢â¬â she would have killed Duncan herself only he reminded her of her own father. It is these small details that perhaps indicate that she is not as cold and inhuman as she makes herself to be. It could actual, all be an act just to persuade Macbeth to do the final deed. This of course makes her breakdown seem the more inevitable as she is bound to blame herself in some way for the murder. Ultimately she finds out that water will not wash away the stain of blood. It is then ironic that Macduff on first meeting Lady Macbeth refers to her as Ã¢â¬Ëgentle ladyÃ¢â¬â¢ and one too sensitive to even hear the word Ã¢â¬Ëmurder.Ã¢â¬â¢ By the end of the play she is recognized for what she is, a Ã¢â¬Ëfiend-like queenÃ¢â¬â¢ (5,6,108). Macbeth, in the final analysis, is too preoccupied with his own role to give support to her. Once he has done his first major murder he needs no help from her to do the othersÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã ¢â¬ ¦. Macbeth is a man of action: the play proves this in more ways then others. He is a fearless warrior Ã¢â¬â and an important lord Ã¢â¬â who defends his king against treachery. However, ambition is his finale weakness. He allows, first the witchesÃ¢â¬â¢ prophesy and then his wifeÃ¢â¬â¢s ambition for him, to undermine his integrity. It is clear that he is not easily won over to evil. His conscience is strong and throws up many objections to his doing the deed. However, he is also too easily influenced in the direction that he secretly desires to go. Once he has decided, he does not deviate, and each step subsequently reaffirms his initial choice. Macbeth, then, is determined, and with this determination turns to a violent and ruthless path, full of chaos. So how does Macbeth Ã¢â¬Ëa peerless kinsman,Ã¢â¬â¢ develops into King DuncanÃ¢â¬â¢s murderer? Is MacbethÃ¢â¬â¢s mistake in killing Ã¢â¬ËgraciousÃ¢â¬â¢ king Duncan, his entire fault? Is he to blame for his own doing or were they any other factors that bade him to do this terrible deed? Is Macbeth still the hero at the end of this play and does he deserve what he gets? For these Questions to be answered we need to look at the fundamental theme of the play, Ambition. Partly because it is the driving force of MacbethÃ¢â¬â¢s life. Ã¢â¬ËMacbethÃ¢â¬â¢ is a deep sentimental tragedy. Ã¢â¬ËTragedy,Ã¢â¬â¢ in Shakespeare usually concerns a great person, the hero, who through some weakness of his character falls from grace, endures intense sufferings (which fascinate the audience), and who inevitable dies a tragic death. In fact, who must die as a consequence of their weakness. Thus if you look at Ã¢â¬ËThe Tragedy of MacbethÃ¢â¬â¢, we find all these ingredients; and if we consider what is the heroÃ¢â¬â¢s weakness, it must and can only be ambition. Macbeth says this specifically when he is attempting to resist the murder of Duncan: Ã¢â¬ËI have no spurÃ¢â¬ ¦.but only/Vaulting ambition which oÃ¢â¬â¢erleaps itselfÃ¢â¬â¢ (1,7,25-7).This acknowledgement comes after he has considered all the good reasons for not murdering Duncan. Only ambition is left to overrule his troubled conscience. Furthermore, whilst the influence of both Lady Macbeth and the witches is strong, their power over Macbeth is only possible because the ambition is already there. Macbeth ,then, is a hero but one who is fatally undermined by his ambition, that are the fabric of the play. Put in another way: it is his ambition that leads Macbeth to murder, treason, hypocrisy, corruption and deepest evil.
Tuesday, October 22, 2019
How to Easily Grow Silver Crystals Silver crystals are beautiful and easily grown metal crystals. You can watch crystal growth under a microscope or let the crystals grow overnight for larger crystals. Directions Suspend a piece of copper wire in 0.1M silver nitrate in a test tube. If you coil the wire you will get high surface area and more visible growth.Place the tube in a darkened location. Try to avoid high-traffic (high-vibration) areas.Crystals should be visible to the naked eye on the copper wire after about an hour, but larger crystals and noticeable blue coloration of liquid will occur overnight.ORPlace a drop of mercury in a test tube and add 5-10 ml 0.1M silver nitrate.Allow the tube to stand undisturbed in a dark location for 1-2 days. Crystals will grow on the surface of the mercury. Tips It is easy to watch crystals form on a copper wire under a microscope. The heat of the microscope light will cause crystals to form very quickly.AÃ displacement reaction is responsible for crystal formation: 2Ag Cu Ã¢â â Cu2 2Ag Materials Needed 0.1M Silver NitrateTest TubeCopper Wire or Mercury
Monday, October 21, 2019
The current essay will address the changes in the international system and focus on four main historical The WritePass Journal
The current essay will address the changes in the international system and focus on four main historical Introduction The current essay will address the changes in the international system and focus on four main historical Introduction The current essay will address the changes in the international system and focus on four main historical issues such as: the very inception of IR Treaty of Westphalia, Congress of Vienna, the summit which gave the shift to collective security and cooperation between the European powers, Treaty of Versailles, provoking World War 2 and how the mankind created international organizations, such as the United Nations. The paper analyses the changing patterns of competition and cooperation in the International Relations. Evolution is an integral part of life and everyday existence, it shapes the world, inception, and thought touches every realm of life. One of the most challenging problems of today is the formation of a new system of international relations after the collapse of the bipolar model of the world. Most experts agree that at this moment there is no point to talk about a concrete structure, which fully replaces the format of international interactions, prevailed for nearly half a century ago. The new system is being developed and obviously some elements of the old scheme will be less or more likely borrowed to the emerging structure. In this context, it is extremely important to understand how the previous model of international life has evolved, arose and what stages has passed. The international system existing today is regarded as subsystem of the Westphalian regime, established in the1648 by the Westphalian Treaty. Ã¢â¬Å"The Peace of Westphalia, ended the Thirty Years War in 1648, is taken to mark the beginning of the modern international system as a universe composed of sovereign states, each with exclusive authority within its own geographic boundaries. The Westphalian model, based on the principles of autonomy and territory, offers a simple, arresting, and hat sovereignty is now being altered because the principles of Westphalia are being transgresses satellites during the Cold War Ã¢â¬Å"(Krasner, pp. 115-151). The Holy Roman Empire of the German nation became a conglomeration of independent states (about 300). Peace of Westphalia recognized the religious rights and freedoms for the Lutherans and Calvinists. Exactly then were laid the main principles of forming a new political organization of the world, which then were spread across the planet and existed until today. It was the first time, in the frames of the Westphalian system, that sovereignty became an attribute of the state, not a monarch, therefore recognition of the independence of the German princip alities deprived Germany of its former dominance in foreign policy, France and Sweden became new world leaders and thereby were laid first foundations of balance of power in the world politics of that time. The Treaty of Westphalia has originated the formation of a new system of international relations, so-called later the Ã¢â¬Å"state-centricÃ¢â¬ model of the world. This became possible through the recognition of the principle of national sovereignty, as one of the main means of international communication. The second significant event for international relations and political realm was the Congress of Vienna, when Ã¢â¬Å" Successes of one group of countries turned into the failures of others, however the peace was accepted by the actors rather than imposed Ã¢â¬Å"(Kissinger 1956 264).Ã The successful diplomacy is the political art of the synthesis of power and justice and the bias to any single of them could cause the catastrophe (Morgenthau 1946 1080).Ã It was a structure of international relations in Europe, established after the wars of Napoleon I (1799-1814; 1815) and lasted until the dramatic changes of the First World War. The play started back in 1789, when the French Revolution offered new challenges to the European balance of power (Metternich quoted in Kissinger 1999 41).Ã When the Napoleonic wars, ended in defeat for France in Moscow (1812) and Waterloo (1815), the Congress of Vienna summarized these battles, and affirmed once again the importance of, disturbed in t heir course of actions, the principle of national sovereignty. The result of NapoleonÃ¢â¬â¢s campaign involving almost whole Europe and Russia was the Russian Tsar AlexanderÃ¢â¬â¢s march to Paris accompanied by his regiments in 1814 (Chapman 1998 18). The alliance included four great powers of that time: Britain, Russia, Austria, and Prussia. The main aim of the meeting was, to remake the map, which was completely remodeled by Napoleon. So, in Europe a new order of relations between states begun to line up, known as the Vienna system of international relations (concert of Europe). The leading countries of the continent have tried to find grounds for cooperation, preventing thereby possible feeble efforts of resolving interstate conflicts by military means. The settlement secured the equilibrium where hegemony was impossible and balance of forces implied prevention of the aggression of an either of an actor (Kissinger 1956 266).Ã Solutions of the Congress of Vienna lasted until 1914, but after First World War, world should have faced a new system of relations in Europe. By the beginning of the XX century configuration of the leading powers on the world stage have changed again. The U.S. has achieved economic dominance, as well as Japan, Germany and Italy. Since that time, Europe has ceased to be the only continent with generated country-leaders. Ã German did not initiate the WW1 and was not an arrogant aggressor. Many countries wanted to solve their problems, accumulating military sources, but nobody wanted to look like an aggressor. Everyone was waiting for a justifiable reason for the war to start and soon enough it has turned up.Ã Everything started in summer 1914 in Sarajevo when the heir to the throne of the Austro-Hungarian Empire was assassinated. Shortly, Austria had declared the War against Serbia, gradually involving all other countries in the crisis, which lasted for 4 years and cost Europe 10 million lives, economic devastation and destruction. There was nothing left of prosperous pre-war Germany since 1918. Chaos and ruins were eve rywhere and after the November Revolution of 1918 when Kaiser Wilhelm fled the country, the monarchy was overthrown. The second Reich ceased to exist. That summer held a momentous event in the history, that generations of Germans will be consider as betrayal and curse those, who on 28 of June 1919 signed the Treaty of Versailles. The terms of this agreement struck German delegation, as they didnÃ¢â¬â¢t anticipate that conditions will be so severe and harsh. Under this agreement, Germany had no right to have a fleet (like surface with exception of some older battleships and submarines), aviation, armor, artillery, troops and ground forces must be reduced to 100 000 soldiers and officers and 15 000 sailors, the rest 5 million soldiers must be demobilized.Ã Production of small arms and everything related to military activities, should have been discontinued too. Additionally, they lost 13.5 per cent of territory including Alsace-Lorraine (returned to France), almost 7 million people and all overseas possessions (firstworldwar.com). Country-winners, obliged Germany to pay off reparation of approximately 130 billion Deutsch Mark, to each country affected by the actions of German troops. June 28, 1919, can be considered the date when the count-down of inevitable outbreak of the Second World War started. On tha t date, the war-revenge was inescapable.Ã As Catherine Lu notes it was an Ã¢â¬Å"apparent failureÃ¢â¬ and a morally defective reaction to the war.Ã The primary telos Ã¢â¬â goal of the Allies was to bring enduring peace, however there were two pillars of approach.Ã The US delegation headed by President Wilson had more idealistic proposal about peaceful settlement, on the other hand French prime-minister Georges Clemenceau expressed more hardliner position.Ã He opened the conference on May 7, 1919 saying: Ã¢â¬Å"it is neither time nor place for superfluous wordsÃ¢â¬ ¦we must settle our accountÃ¢â¬ (Lu 2002 7).Ã The Treaty of Versailles (and other similar acts) included statute of the League of Nations an international intergovernmental organization with the main objectives of development and cooperation among nations, guarantying peace and security. Initially, was signed by the 44 States. (United States didnÃ¢â¬â¢t ratified the treaty, consequently not join ing the League.) League did not become a worldwide organization, because not all of the great powers became its member (such as Germany and Japan vacated from its membership in 1934), so it wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t able to stop numerous aggressions in the prewar period (due to inability to organize collective action) and prevent the WW2. It virtually ceased to exist since 1939 (formally disbanded in 1946), but many elements of its structure, procedures and objectives were, later, perceived by the UN. The formation of a system of International Relations after the First World War ended up at the Washington conference of 1921-1922 convened at the initiative of USA and designed to consolidate the new alignment of forces in the Pacific region. This very world order between the two world wars was named as Versailles-Washington system of international relations. U.S. refusal to participate in the functioning of the Versailles system, the isolation of Russia and the anti-German direction had made it unbalanced and non- generic, which increased the potential for future world conflict. International relations after World War II were complex and contradictory. Creation of the United Nations (1945), the development of its principles (including multilateral diplomacy) laid the fundamentals of the modern international law and the development of the mechanism of its action. UN for more than half a century effectively contributes to international peace and security with the help of special methods of resolving conflicts of interests on the world arena. This supports to the conclusion of multilateral and bilateral international agreements on cooperation. One of the important events was the signing (in 1975 at the Helsinki) of a Final Act of the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe, containing the standings on enhanced interactions of the participating countries in economy, science and technology, ecology, culture, education, human rights, freedom of information and contacts between people (the so-called third basket). So was formed the CSCE (later OSCE). However, there was a new type of confrontation, emerged in the post-war period Ã¢â¬â The Cold War, when world became split into two blocks, the rivalry of which often lead to a situation, on the edge, of the global conflict. One of the most dangerous was The Cuban Missile Crisis(1962), when the United states and Soviet Union seriously considered the possibility of a nuclear exchange what lead us to the point, when opposing superpowers resolved their conflicts and created military alliances Ã¢â¬â NATO and Warsaw Pact. Those where general stages of evolution of the Westphalian model of the world, which existed in various versions, over 350 years. Many of politicians and scholars of the XX century are predicting the collapse of this system of world order. Today international governmental and private actors have implications on the evolution of the international system, thus it is impossible to make unilateral decisions. The future is no way going to be easier than the past (Kennan 1984 73). BIBLIOGRAPHY: Compromising Westphalia Stephen D. Krasner International Security, Vol. 20, No. 3 (Winter, 1995-1996), pp.115-151 The Peace of Westphalia, 1648-1948 Leo Gross The American Journal of International Law, Vol. 42, No. 1 (Jan., 1948), pp. 20-41 Power Transitions and Great Power War from Westphalia to Waterloo Woosang Kim World Politics, Vol. 45, No. 1 (Oct., 1992), pp. 153-172 Chapman T. 1998. The Congress of Vienna. London and New York: Routledge Kissinger H. 1999. A World Restored. London: Weidenfeld Nicolson Ltd. The Congress of Vienna: A Reappraisal Henry A. Kissinger World Politics, Vol. 8, No. 2 (Jan., 1956), pp. 264-280 Europes borders after 1919 and the signing of the Treaty of Versailles. SPIEGEL Obama Is Like a Chess Player. 2009. Der Spiegel; spiegel.de/international/world/0,1518,grossbild-1578550-634400,00.html Lu C. 2002. Justice and Moral Regeneration: Lessons from the Treaty of Versailles. Blackwell Publishing on behalf of The International Studies Association jstor.org/stable/3186461 Tranchtenberg M. 1982. Versailles after Sixty Years. Journal of Contemporary History, Vol. 17, No 3. Sage Publication Ltd jstor.org/stable/260557 Treaty of Versailles. 1919.Ã firstworldwar.com/source/versailles.htm Kennan G. 1984. American Diplomacy.Ã 3rd ed. Chicago and London: Chicago University Press.
Sunday, October 20, 2019
Negative Health Effects of Red Meat It has been known for a while that theÃ saturated animal fatÃ in red meat contributes to heart disease and atherosclerosis. Recent research also shows red meat is thought to increase the risks of rheumatoid arthritis and endometriosis.Ã There is good evidence that eating red meat may be a probable cause of colorectal cancer. Processed red meat, like cured and smoked meat, has recently been declared carcinogenic, with strong scientific evidence linking it to cancer. Red Meat: The Good and Bad Meanwhile, according to the American DieteticÃ Association, vegetarian diets can significantly reduce the risk of heart disease, colon cancer, osteoporosis, diabetes, kidney disease, hypertension, obesity, and other debilitating medical conditions. While red meat is a key source of protein and vitamin B12 in North American diets, nutritionists explain that properly planned meat-free diets easily provide these important nutrients. In fact, most people probably do not need to eat as much protein as they think they do. Daily protein requirements are relatively modest, and much of it can be found in legumes, nuts, and other foods. Reducing your intake of red meat is also justifiable for environmental reasons. Raising cattle requires a lot of resources, including water, and cows produce a significant amount of greenhouse gases. For some, an alternative could be the consumption of game meat like venison. It is very lean, low in saturated fat, and does not have the negative land use and water consumption issues associated with cattle. Venison can be kept healthiest by using lead-free ammunition. For more information see the World Health OrganizationÃ October 2015 Press Release. Edited by Frederic Beaudry.